- Context: IoT data needs contextual information to be useful. MES provides that.
- Control: Even with autonomous entities, the shop floor still needs to be monitored and controlled. MES does that.
- Certainty: Enterprise or manufacturing-wide processes still need to be followed. MES ensures that.
MES is an essential element of any Industry 4.0 strategy, and it requires an especially evolved type of MES that considers the following aspects: Logical Decentralization, Cloud and Advanced Analytics, Connectivity and Mobile, Vertical Integration, and Horizontal Integration.